Every formal radiogram message originated and handled should contain the following component parts in the order given
a. Number (begin with 1 each month or year)
b. Precedence (R, W, P or EMERGENCY)
c. Handling Instructions (optional, see text)
d. Station of Origin (first amateur handler)
e. Check (number of words/groups in text only)
f. Place of Origin (not necessarily location of station of origin.)
g. Time Filed (optional with originating station)
h. Date (must agree with date of time filed)
As complete as possible, include zip code and telephone number.
Limit to 25 words or less, if possible.
CW: The prosign separates the parts of the address. separates the adress from the text and the text from the signature. marks end of message; this is followed by B if there is another message to follow, by N if this is the only or last message. It is customary to copy the preamble, parts of the address, text and signature on separate lines.
RTTY: Same as CW procedure above, except (1) use extra space between parts of address, instead of ; (2) omit cw procedure sign to separate text from address and signature, using line spaces instead; (3) add a CFM line under the signature, consisting of all names, numerals and unusual works in the message in the order transmitted.
Packet/AMTOR BBS: Same format as shown in the cw message example above, except that the and prosigns may be omitted. Most amtor and packet BBS software in use today allows formal message traffic to be sent with the “ST” command. Always avoid the use of spectrum-wasting multiple line feeds and indentations.
PHONE: Use prowords instead of prosigns, but it is not necessary to name each part of the message as you send it. For example, the above message would be sent on phone as follows: “Number one routine HX Golf W1AW eight Newington Connecticut one eight three zero zulu july one Donald Smith Figures one six four East Sixth Avenue North River City Missouri zero zero seven eight nine Telephone seven three three four nine six eight Break Happy birthday X-ray see you soon X-ray love Break Diana End of Message Over. “End of Message” is followed by “More” if there is another message to follow, “No More” if it is the only or last message. Speak clearly using VOX (or pause frequently on push-to-talk) so that the receiving station can get fills. Spell phonetically all difficult or unusual words–do not spell out common words. Do not use cw abbreviations or Q-signals in phone traffic handling.
Emergency–Any message having life and death urgency to any person or group of persons, which is transmitted by Amateur Radio in the absence of regular commercial facilities. This includes official messages of welfare agencies during emergencies requesting supplies, materials or instructions vital to relief of stricken populance in emergency areas. During normal times, it will be very rare. On cw, RTTY and other digital modes this designation will always be spelled out. When in doubt, do not use it.
Priority–Important messags having a specific time limit. Official messages not covered in the Emergency category. Press dispatches and other emergency-related traffic not of the utmost urgency. Notifications of death or injury in a disaster area, personal or official. Use the abbreviation P on cw.
Welfare–A message that is either a) an inquiry as to the health and welfare of an individual in the disaster area b) an advisory or reply from the disaster area that indicates all is well should carry this precedence, which is abbreviated W on cw. These messages are handled after Emergency and Priority traffic but before Routine.
Routine–Most traffic normal times will bear this designation. In disaster situations, traffic labeled Routine (R on cw) should be handled last, or not at all when circuits are busy with Emergency, Priority or Welfare traffic.
HXD–Report to originating station the identity of station from which received, plus date and time. Report identity of station to which relayed, plus date and time, or if delivered report date, time and method of delivery.
QNB*–Act as relay Between ______ and ______.
QNC–All net stations Copy. I have a message for all net stations.
QND*–Net is Directed (controlled by net control station).
QNE*–Entire net stand by.
QNF–Net is Free (not controlled).
QNG–Take over as net control station.
QNH–Your net frequency is High.
QNI–Net stations report In.*. I am reporting into the net. (Follow with a list or traffic or QRU).
QNJ–Can you copy me? Can you copy ______?
QNK*–Transmit message for ______ to ______.
QNL–Your net frequency is Low.
QNM*–You are QRMing the net. Stand by.
QNN–Net control station is ______. What station has net control?
QNO–Station is leaving the net.
QNP–Unable to copy you. Unable to copy ______.
QNQ*–Move frequency to ______ and wait for ______ to finish handling traffic. Then send him traffic for ______.
QNR–Answer ______ and Receive traffic.
QNT–I request permission to leave the net for ______ minutes.
QNU*–The net has traffic for you. Stand by.
QNV*–Establish contact with ______ on this frequency. If successful, move to ______ and send him traffic for ______.
QNW–How do I route messages for ______ ?
QNX–You are excused from the net.* Request to be excused from the net.
QNY*–Shift to another frequency (or to ______ kHz) to clear traffic with ______.
QNZ–Zero beat your signal with mine.
The QN signals listed above are special ARRL signals for use in amateur cw nets only. They are not for use in casual amateur conversation. Other meanings that may be used in other services do not apply. Do not use QN signals on phone nets. Say it with words. QN signals need not be followed by a question mark, even though the meaning may be interrogatory.
N/A–Read back. (Repeat as received.)
R–Roger; point. (Received; decimal point.)
SIG–Signed; signature (last part of message.)
–Out; clear (end of communications, no reply expected.)
WA–Word after (used to get fills.)
WB–Word before (used to get fills.)